International Trade Statistics in Goods, 2019

  • 03/06/2020

The Kosovo Agency of Statistics (KAS) has published data on the flow of export and import in 2019.

In this publication of trade statistics in goods more details are given on what our country exports to the foreign market and what it imports from the foreign market.

Data on the trade in goods in 2019 indicate a trade deficit of 3 113.3.4 billion Euros, which indicates that it is higher by 4.5%, compared to 2018. Even in this year the balance is negative. Total exports in this year were 383.4 million Euros, while the total of imports were 3 496.9 billion Euros. Exports covered imports by only 11.0%.

Comparing the export data in goods in 2019 with those of 2018, the figures indicate an annual increase by 4.4%. This increase still indicates the negative trade balance in Kosovo.

Exports by sectors in this year increased in the following groups: various items produced worth about 20.0 million Euros, compared to 13.1 million Euros in 2018, or 5.2% of total exports, with an increase of 52.4%; machinery, mechanical and electrical equipment worth about 16.8 million Euros, compared to 11.5 million Euros in 2018, or 4.4% of total imports, with an increase of 46.7%; plastics, rubber and articles thereof in the amount of about 50.8 million Euros, compared to 44.7 million Euros in 2018, or 13.3% of total exports, an increase of 13.5%; articles of stone, plaster, ceramic and glass products, worth about 8.5 million Euros, compared to 7.7 million Euros in 2018, or 2.2% of total exports, with an increase of 9.6%; chemical industry products worth about 8.1 million Euros, compared to 7.4 million Euros in 2018, or 2.1% of total exports, with an increase of 9.5%; textiles and textile articles worth about 11.5 million Euros, compared to 10.6 million Euros in 2018, or 3.0% of total imports, with an increase of 8.4%; base metals and articles thereof in the amount of 134.3 million Euros, compared to 125.2 million Euros in 2018, or 35.0% of total exports, with an increase of 7.3%; prepared foodstuffs, beverages, alcoholic beverages and tobacco, worth about 39.8 million Euros, compared to 39.0 million Euros in 2018, or 10.4% of total exports, with an increase of 2.0%; wood and wood articles worth about 5.7 million Euros, compared to 5.6 million Euros in 2018, or 1.5% of total exports, with an increase of 1.5%.

During this period, there was a decline in exports in these groups: leather and articles thereof, worth about 6.5 million Euros, compared to 10.9 million Euros in 2018, or 1.7% of total exports, with a decrease of (- 40.2%); mineral products worth about 40.0 million Euros, compared to 51.2 million Euros in 2018, or 10.4% of total exports, with a decrease of (-21.9%); paper and its articles worth about 4.3 million Euros, compared to 5.3 million Euros in 2018, or 1.1% of total exports, down by (-18.6%); crop products worth about 22.9 million Euros, compared to 23.8 million Euros in 2018, or 6.0% of total exports, with a decrease of (-3.5%).

Positive trends in export growth from 2009-2019 have been the following groups of sectors: prepared foodstuffs, beverages, alcoholic beverages and tobacco, from 9.3 million Euros to 39.8 million Euros; plastics, rubber and articles thereof from 6.3 million Euros to 50.8 million Euros; chemical industry products from 1.4 million Euros to 8.1 million Euros; various items produced from 1.8 million Euros to 20.0 million Euros.

The data of trade in goods for Kosovo import in 2019 have marked an annual increase of about 4.5%, compared to the previous year 2018.

Increases in imports by sectors were observed in the following groups: various means of transport, in the amount of about 314.7 million Euros, compared to 268.7 million Euros in 2018, or 9.0% of total imports, with an increase of 17.1%; wood and articles thereof, worth about 83.4 million Euros, compared to 73.5 million Euros in 2018, or 2.4% of total imports, an increase of 13.5%; live animals, products of animal origin, worth about 148.7 million Euros, compared to 132.0 million Euros in 2018, or 4.3% of total imports, with an increase of 12.7%; footwear (shoes and parts of such articles) in the amount of about 43.5 million Euros, compared to 39.1 million Euros in 2018, or 1.2% of total imports, with an increase of 11.3%; paper and paper articles worth about 52.5 million Euros, compared to 47.7 million Euros in 2018, or 1.5% of total imports, with an increase of 10.1%; textiles and textile articles worth about 173.2 million Euros, compared to 162.5 million Euros in 2018, or 5.0% of total imports with an increase of 6.6%; plant products worth about 160.5 million Euros, compared to 151.7 million Euros in 2018, or 4.6% of total imports with an increase of 5.8%; chemical industry products worth about 246.9 million Euros, compared to 235.1 million Euros in 2018, or 7.1% of total imports with an increase of 5.0%; prepared foodstuffs, beverages, alcoholic beverages and tobacco worth about 420.4 million Euros, compared to 400.5 million Euros in 2018, or 12.0% of total imports, with an increase of 4.9%; plastics, rubber and articles thereof in the amount of about 220.8 million Euros, compared to 214.0 million Euros in 2018, or 6.3% of total imports, with an increase of 3.2%; mineral products (fuels) in the amount of about 517.6 million Euros, compared to 510.5 million Euros in 2018, or 14.8% of total imports with an increase of 1.4%.

While, during this period there is a decrease in imports in these groups: various manufactured articles in the amount of about 99.9 million Euros, compared to 105.5 million Euros in 2018, or 2.9% of total imports, with a decrease of (-5.3% ); articles of stone, plaster, ceramic and glass products, worth about 115.6 million Euros, compared to 118.1 million Euros in 2018, or 3.3% of total exports, with a decrease of (-2.1%); machinery, mechanical and electrical equipment worth about 431.7 million Euros, compared to 435.1 million Euros in 2018, or 12.3% of total imports, with a decrease of (-0.8%); base metals and articles thereof, in the amount of Euro 371.4 million Euros, compared to 372.1 million Euros in 2018, or 10.6% of total imports, with a decrease of (-0.2%).

Kosovo's exports to EU countries amounted to 138.5 million Euros, or about 36.1% of total exports, an increase of 24.9%. The main partners for the export of goods to the EU are: Germany (8.1%), Italy (5.9%), the Netherlands (4.3%), and the United Kingdom (2.9%). According to the chapters, EU countries have the highest share in the following groups: plastics and articles thereof with 25.4 million Euros, or about 18.4%; iron and steel with 19.4 million Euros, or about 14.0%; ores, colors and ashes with 13.7 million Euros, or about 9.9%, etc.

While, Kosovo's imports from EU countries were around 1 749.4 million Euros, or 50.0% of total imports, with an increase of 20.0%. The highest share of imports were from: Germany (12.8%), Italy (6.4%), Greece (5.6%), Slovenia (3.8%) and Bulgaria (3.5%), etc.

EU countries cover most of Kosovo's total imports. The highest rate of imports share were in the following chapters: various means of transport, 281.6 million Euros, or about 16.1%; mineral fuels and mineral oils, and products of their destination, 258.8 million Euros, or about 14.8%, etc.

In 2019, Kosovo's exports to CEFTA countries amounted to 164.8 million Euros, or 43.0% of total exports, which decreased by (-5.0%). The main partners of export in CEFTA countries are: Albania (17.6%), Northern Macedonia (11.5%), Serbia (7.1%), and Montenegro (5.1%).

According to the chapters, CEFTA countries have the highest share of the following groups: iron and steel items, reaching 24.1 million Euros, or about 14.6%; iron and steel, reaching 22.1 million Euros, or about 13.4%; beverages, alcoholic beverages and vinegar, reaching 21.3 million Euros, or about (12.9%), etc.

Meanwhile, imports from CEFTA countries in 2019 amounted to 502.7 million Euros, or 14.4% of total imports, with a decrease of (-41.1%). The countries with the highest share of imports were: Northern Macedonia (6.9%), Albania (6.4%), Montenegro (0.8%) and Serbia (0.2%).

The highest share of imports were in these chapters: iron and steel, reaching 122.3 million Euros, or about 24.3%; mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their destination, reaching 72.5 million Euros, or about 14.4%, etc.

Kosovo's exports to other countries of the world amounted to 80.1 million Euros, or 20.9%. The most important export partners from these countries were: India (8.6%), Switzerland (7.4%).

Kosovo's imports with other countries of the world amounted to 1 244.7 million Euros, or 35.6%. The countries with the highest share of imports in this group were: Turkey (12.3%) and China (9.7%).