Causes of Death Statistics, 2018/2019

  • 22/12/2020

The Kosovo Agency of Statistics (KAS) has published the statistics on the "Causes of Death in Kosovo" in 2018 and 2019.

The results of the causes of death are processed in analytical manner and in standard tables according to the classifications recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Eurostat.

The publication of the Causes of Death in Kosovo for the years 2018/2019 was compiled on the basis of the processing of the "Medical Death Certificate" section of the statistical questionnaire on death, DEM-2.

This publication was made possible through the joint work of KAS and the National Institute of Public Health of Kosovo (NIPHK).

The processing of information on the causes of death creates ample opportunities for medical analysis, in the areas where their interest is focused. Death Questionnaire - DEM-2, which contains the section "Medical Death Certificate", the question - the cause of death, allows to mark correctly the disease, trauma or injury that caused the death. They are processed and tabulated according to SNC - 10.

Standard grouping and tabulation enable analysis and comparisons with other countries. Disease coding according to the International Classification of Diseases, the third revision (SNC - 10) is evaluated by the WHO as the latest most analytical coding, applied today by developed countries.

To carry out this important statistical research, it is necessary that physicians or doctors in hospitals, clinics, medical centers, ambulances, etc. to make a description of the diagnosis in the DEM-2 statistical questionnaire at question 23 – Cause of decease from the patient's "history" for hospitals, "medical chart" for the persons treated in the ambulance or from any valid document from which there is clearly a diagnosis of the deceased person.

Of the total deaths reported in 2018, 90.9% are coded / encrypted (with diagnosis), while 9.1% are uncoded / unencripted (without diagnosis).

In 2019, 73.2% are coded (with diagnosis), while 26.8% are uncoded (without diagnosis).

Uncoded deaths are a consequence of the lack of diagnosis by the medical staff, competent for ascertaining the death and the cause of death.

According to the codification of the cause of death, in Kosovo leads the "diseases of the circulatory system", in both years.

In 2018, after "diseases of the circulatory system" comes the group of diseases "symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory outcomes", not classified elsewhere.

In 2019, after "diseases of the circulatory system" come "Tumors", and so on, according to the tabular presentation.