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Statistics of Jurisprudence for Adult Persons

      1. Kosovo Agency of Statistics - KAS
      1. Social Department - Jurisprudence Statistics Sector
      1. Mrs. Sanie Ismaili Sahiti
      1. Head of the Jurisprudence Statistics Sector
      1. Street “Zenel Salihu” no 4. 10000 Pristina, Kosovo
      1. Sanije.Ismajli@rks-gov.net
      1. + 381 38 200 31 140
      1. No fax number available. The fax number is general for the office: +381 38 235 033
      1. 20/11/2015
      1. 20/11/2015
      1. 20/11/2017
      1. Within the Department of Social Statistics, crime statistics are published at the national level. There are two publications that are being prepared in the Jurisprudence Statistics Sector: Statistical Publications of Jurisprudence Statistics for Adult Persons, which contain the data for the previous year for these indicators: Adult persons charged and convicted of offenses under (Basic Courts and their branches) according to the manner of resolving the indictment, the submitter of the indictment, gender, the nationality and the type of punishment. All published data are provided according to the respective Chapter and Articles of criminal offenses. The publication also contains data on persons convicted of offenses by (Basic Courts and their branches). The Statistical Publication of Statistics on Juvenile Justice contain the data for the previous year for these indicators: Juvenile offenders charged and convicted of offenses under (Basic Courts ie in the Department for Juveniles) according to the manner of resolving the indictment, the submitter of the indictment, gender, nationality and the type of punishment and the imposed measures.
      1. Classification according to criminal offenses of the applicable Criminal Code of Kosovo which is for statistical purposes to be adapted to the International Classification of Criminal Offenses adopted by UNODC in 2015.
      1. Statistics cover the data collected for all persons (Juveniles and Adults) accused and convicted in first instance courts, respectively the basic courts and their branches organized by the departments; the General Department, the Department of Serious Crimes and the Department for Juveniles. We also publish statistical data on Minor Offenses sentenced to the first instance court at the country level and according to municipality.
      1. Criminal Offense - is an offense that is prescribed by law as a criminal offense, the features of which are determined by law and for which the criminal sanction or measure of compulsory treatment is prescribed by law. By verdict - the accusation is refused, the accused is acquitted of the charge or is found guilty. The punishment verdict - if after the conclusion of the main trial, the court finds that there is sufficient evidence on the basis of which the guilty of the accused is guilty of committing the criminal offense for which he/she is charged, renders the verdict by which the accused is pronounced guilty. The acquittal verdict - the acquittal verdict as the meritorious verdict the court gives when in a legally developed procedure it finds that: 1. The offense on which the accused does not constitute a criminal offense 2. There are circumstances that exclude criminal liability 3. It has not been proven that the accused committed the criminal offense for which was charged. The acquittal verdict should be distinguished from the exemption from the punishment according to the CCK, because in the case of the institution of release from the punishment the accused is found guilty by a sentencing verdict, but is released from punishment. Refusing verdict 1. The court shall render a verdict by which the charge is rejected when: 1.1. the state prosecutor withdrew from the indictment from the opening until the end of the main trial; 1.2. the accused for the same offense has been tried by a final verdict or the proceedings against him have been terminated by a final verdict; 1.3. the statutory limitation period has expired and the act is included in amnesty or apology or when there are other circumstances that exclude criminal prosecution. Age group of persons charged with committing a criminal offense: Juveniles, Adults Juvenile is the person between the ages of fourteen (14) and eighteen (18) years. Young minor - person between the ages of fourteen (14) and sixteen (16) years. An adult minor - the person between the age of sixteen (16) and eighteen (18) years. Adult Minor juvenile - person between the age of eighteen (18) and twenty one (21) years. Adult is the person who has reached the age of eighteen (18) years. Punishments Types of punishments are: main punishments, alternative punishments and accessory punishments. Main punishments are: life imprisonment, punishment of imprisonment and fines. Alternative punishments include: conditional punishment, semi-liberty, and order for general-benefit work. Accessory punishments include: the abolition of the right to be elected, the order for compensation of loss or damage, the prohibition of exercise of functions in public administration or public service, prohibition of exercise of occupation, activity or duty, driving license, seizure, order for the publication of the judgment and the deportation of a foreigner from the territory of the Republic of Kosovo. Accessory punishment may be imposed along with the main or alternative punishment. Accessory punishment: driving ban or taking a thing can be imposed along with a suspended sentence, court notice or release from punishment. Judicial admonition The purpose of the judicial admonition is to give the perpetrator a remorse when a judicial admonition is sufficient to achieve the purpose of the punishment. A judicial admonition may be imposed for criminal offenses punishable by imprisonment up to one (1) year or fine, in cases where such offenses are committed in mitigating circumstances that make offenses particularly light. Judicial admonition may also be imposed for certain criminal offenses for which a punishment of up to three (3) years is prescribed, under the terms set forth by law. Mandatory treatment measures Mandatory treatment measures that can be imposed on a perpetrator who is not criminally responsible, has substantially reduced mental abilities or is addicted to drugs or alcohol are: 1. compulsory psychiatric treatment with a ban on the health care institution; 2. compulsory psychiatric treatment at liberty and 3. treatment by compulsory rehabilitation of drug addicts or alcohol. Penal sanctions, in accordance with the Criminal Code, may also be imposed on a perpetrator who has committed a criminal offense in the state of reduced mental capacity if there are grounds for imposing such sanction. Measures and punishments applicable to juveniles 1. Measures that can be imposed on juveniles are: diversity measures and educational measures. 2. The punishments that may be imposed on juveniles are: fines, orders for general-benefit work and juvenile imprisonment.
      1. Data is collected by: the Police, Prosecutions, Prisons and Courts.
      1. Target population is all persons who have committed criminal offenses.
      1. Kosovo (national level) and municipal level.
      1. Time series are available since 2003
      1. 3.9. Base period
      1. Data is presented in absolute number and in percentage (%).
      1. The various statistics are generally presented on yearly basis.
      1. Statistical units, natural and legal persons, regardless of whether they have a legal personality or not, are obliged to provide complete, updated and truthful information to the KAS and other producers of official statistics in appropriate form, timely and free of charge determined by the producer of official statistics, defined in article 2, Law No. 04/L-036 ON OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO.
      1. Not applicable.
      1. “Agency shall ensure that individual data collected for statistical purposes, whether collected from natural or legal persons, or bodies and organizations of the public administration (hereinafter “Respondents”), are handled in a strictly confidential manner and used exclusively for statistical purposes. Law 04/L-036, Article 34. “All respondents shall be obliged, in accordance with the applicable law, to cooperate and provide timely and accurately statistical data to the Agency, and to cooperate with the Agency to verify the accuracy of the collected data. Law 04/L-036, Article 21: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/2024/law-on-officiial-statistics.pdf .
      1. Access to confidential data shall be permitted only to persons who are in charge of producing the official statistics up to that level that these data are necessary for producing statistics. Article 37, Law No. 04/L-036: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/2024/law-on-officiial-statistics.pdf .
      1. KAS publishes yearly an advanced release calendar for all its publication for the current year. The calendar is publicly accessible on the KAS website.
      1. http://ask.rks-gov.net/en/news/release-calendar/
      1. The general policy is that before publishing statistics on the Kosovo Agency of Statistics web site a press release is available, also on the web site, to inform users and media. All users get access to data at the same time.
      1. Data dissemination is on an annual basis.
      1. News releases on-line at the time of data dissemination.
      1. KAS publications, tables and material for press release are always available in three languages: Albanian, English and Serbian.
      1. KAS has online database: http://askdata.rks-gov.net/PXWeb/pxweb/en/askdata
      1. Users do not have direct access to micro-data, but by law researchers and institutions can request access through KAS.
      1. Data are also published in the KAS Statistical Yearbook: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/3637/statistical-yearbook-of-the-republic-of-kosovo-2017.pdf.
      1. A brief explanation of the definitions, key concepts and methodological explanations for users is presented in the publication: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/3604/stat-of-jur-adult-2016.pdf
      1. KAS is committed to quality assurance in the production of official statistics. Based on the "Law On Official Statistics, Law 04 / L-036", KAS uses statistical methods and processes in accordance with internationally accepted scientific principles and standards and conducts ongoing analyzes in order to improve the quality and delivery of updated statistics. In carrying out its duties, KAS follows the overall quality management principles, in line with the European Statistics Code of Practice. KAS has developed a Quality Statement which is available on the ASK website: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/1890/statement-of-quality.pdf . The document lists eleven principles, much in line with the CoP principles like professional independence and statistical confidentiality, on which the work of KAS is based.
      1. Not available.
      1. During July 2017 in Kosovo Agency of Statistics was conducted the process of assessment of the Kosovo Statistical System through the “Peer Review” approach.
      1. According to the User Satisfactory Survey conducted in 2014, the main request was to have more access in micro data and the aggregated data in Excel files.
      1. One of the key elements to ensure the quality of statistical data is the measurement of the satisfaction of users. The survey aims to gather comprehensive information on the needs and requirements of users of official statistical data. Through this survey the users of statistical data have expressed their thoughts and opinions regarding statistical views, they have provided advice and suggestions regarding their needs for statistics and how to improve these statistical data in the future. This survey was conducted during the conference held with the users of statistical data, in which 11 users responded. The questionnaire contained eight questions and included various topics: the use of statistical data, evaluation of KAS in general, the assessment of the site in KAS, evaluating the quality of statistical data, etc. More detailed information on this survey can find on the web: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/1906/report-from-the-user-satisfaction-survey.pdf .
      1. Not available.
      1. Not available.
      1. The data are administrative.
      1. Not available.
      1. Reference year - from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015. Timeline - Jurisprudence Statistics for Juveniles 27 June 2016. Statistics on Jurisprudence for Adult Persons September 27, 2016.
      1. Delay in time is 0.
      1. Statistics refer to the national level.
      1. There are no breakdowns in time series.
      1. Not available
      1. The internal consistency of the data has been checked before it is finalized. The links between the variables and the coherence in their series are also checked. Data are coherent in the internal aspect.
      1. We collect administrative data with four types of Excel questionnaires, from the Police, the Prosecutions, the Courts and the Prisons. All institutions reporting to KAS have offices and their statistical staff. Two persons are engaged in collecting and processing data in the KAS Sector for Jurisprudence.
      1. There is no revision policy at KAS.
      1. No revisions have been carried out.
      1. Source of data is: Police, Prosecutions, Prisons and Courts. All institutions have their own registers containing individual data for each person who has committed a criminal offense or is assumed to have committed it. Data from the Police, Prosecutions, Prisons and Courts are administrative data that we receive through questionnaires for Juveniles and Adult Persons punished in first instance courts and through UN-CTS and Crime-ESTAT questionnaires.
      1. Data collection is on quarterly basis (three months) for convicted persons in courts, while the data collection for international reporting is on annual basis.
      1. Two questionnaires are used to collect data, one for Juveniles and one for Adult Persons. Questionnaires are in Excel which are installed in each court. Data is taken as unprocessed therefore as aggregated through the Kosovo Judicial Council, electronically or USB. For the reporting of data from the Police and partly from Prosecutions, Prisons and Courts in EUROSTAT and UNODC, we provide data with two separate questionnaires sent by the mentioned institutions (Eurostat and UNODC).
      1. Logical control is done in the office before the data is published. Data with technical and logical errors are returned directly to the court to improve them or we receive information about eventual errors via the phone. After data cleansing, we fill out the tables with the data extracted through Excel.
      1. Not available.
      1. Seasonal adjustment is not yet implemented.