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Economic Accounts for Agriculture, 2016

      1. Kosovo Agency of Statistics - KAS
      1. Department of Agricultural and Environment Statistics - Agro monetary Statistics
      1. Ms. Edona Rexhepaj
      1. Officer for Economic Accounts for Agriculture
      1. Street “Zenel Salihu” no 4. 10000 Pristina, Kosovo
      1. edona.rexhepaj@rks-gov.net
      1. + 381 38 200 31 156
      1. No fax number available. The fax number is general for the office: +381 38 235 033
      1. 20/11/2015
      1. 20/11/2015
      1. 20/11/2015
      1. Economic Accounts for Agriculture (EAA) provide detailed income data in the agricultural sector. The main purpose of the Agricultural Accounts is to analyze the production process and the primary income generated by it. Therefore, the accounts are based on the industry concept. EAA are detailed data on the value of production (production prices and basic prices), intermediate consumption, subsidies and taxes, fixed capital consumption, rent and bank interest, etc. Economic Accounts for Agriculture are the satellite account of the European System of Integrated Economic Accounts (ESA), an accounting system that follows the UN recommendations for national accounts. They cover agricultural products and services produced during the accounting period that are sold by agricultural units, are kept in farm stock or used for further processing by agricultural producers.
      1. EAA are an integral part of the European System of Accounts and therefore, for their design, the overall Eurostat classification for economic activities, NACE Rev. 1, is used. The list of activities that determines the agricultural industry corresponds to division 01 of this classification: Agriculture, hunting and related service activities.
      1. The sector covers the income of all units involved in agricultural production, even if units have more important economic activities, and if the purpose of the units is not commercial. Garden products (produced for own consumption only) are not included. Partition 01 of NACE Rev. 1 consists of: Group 01.1: Cultivation of agricultural crops, garden products for sale, horticulture; Group 01.2: Livestock growth; Group 01.3: Combination of cultivation of agricultural crops and livestock growth (mixed agricultural activities); Group 01.4: Agricultural service activities and livestock growth, other than veterinary services; Group 01.5: Hunting
      1. Economic Accounts for Agriculture provide a wide range of indicators of economic activity in the agricultural sector: production, intermediate consumption, gross added value, net value added, workers compensation, taxes and subsidies on production, net operating surplus or mixed net income, property income, entrepreneurial net income, etc at basic and constant prices. Definitions and explanations: The EAA includes: + The value of crop output + The value of livestock production + Income from agricultural services = Total output - Intermediate consumption = Gross value added - Consumption of fixed capital = Net value added + Other subsidies on production = Factor income - Compensation of employees = Net operating surplus - Rent - Interest = Net entrepreneurial income Net value added of the agricultural primary production measures the value created by all the agricultural units after the consumption of fixed capital. Gross value added of the agricultural primary production measures the results of the production. It is the difference between the value output and the value of intermediate consumption.
      1. Agricultural households and legal entities that engage in agricultural activities, as primary, secondary or other activities.
      1. Depending on the available data sources, the statistical population includes Agricultural Households and Legal Entities, which during the agricultural year deal with agricultural activities (cultivating land with agricultural crops and raising cattle). For the period 2005-2009, 2012-2013, the source of data was the Agriculture Household Survey, which is conducted on the ground through a standard sample, two-stratification. For 2014, the data source was the Agriculture Census 2014, which was conducted on the ground as follows: rural households were visited door-to-door, while in urban areas only those households which during the Census 2011 have stated they deal with agricultural activities. For 2010-2011, EAA data were based on expert assessment, in the absence of data sources.
      1. Kosovo (national level) and municipal level.
      1. For the Economic Accounts for Agriculture, the following information is available: Economic Accounts for Agriculture since 2005 - Value at production prices Economic Accounts for Agriculture since 2005 - Values at current prices Economic Accounts for Agriculture since 2005 - values at constant prices.
      1. Not available.
      1. Data on Economic Accounts for Agriculture are presented in: - Million EUR, including value at production prices, current prices and constant prices Data on labor force in agriculture are presented in: - Annual Work Unit (AWU) Value Unit Statistics are presented in: - 1 000 tons (quantities) EUR/ton (value unit)
      1. The reference period is the calendar year. The reference period is related to the time for production and use, but it does not need to necessarily correspond to the time for sale and purchase.
      1. Statistical units, natural and legal persons, regardless of whether they have a legal personality or not, are obliged to provide complete, updated and truthful information to the KAS and other producers of official statistics in appropriate form, timely and free of charge determined by the producer of official statistics, defined in article 2, Law No. 04/L-036 ON OFFICIAL STATISTICS OF REPUBLIC OF KOSOVO.
      1. Not available.
      1. “Agency shall ensure that individual data collected for statistical purposes, whether collected from natural or legal persons, or bodies and organizations of the public administration (hereinafter “Respondents”), are handled in a strictly confidential manner and used exclusively for statistical purposes. Law 04/L-036, Article 34. “All respondents shall be obliged, in accordance with the applicable law, to cooperate and provide timely and accurately statistical data to the Agency, and to cooperate with the Agency to verify the accuracy of the collected data. Law 04/L-036, Article 21: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/2024/law-on-officiial-statistics.pdf
      1. Access to confidential data shall be permitted only to persons who are in charge of producing the official statistics up to that level that these data are necessary for producing statistics. Article 37, Law No. 04/L-036: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/2024/law-on-officiial-statistics.pdf .
      1. KAS publishes yearly an advanced release calendar for all its publication for the current year. The calendar is publicly accessible on the KAS website.
      1. http://ask.rks-gov.net/ENG/administration/calls-for-tenders/release-calendar.
      1. The general policy is that before publishing statistics on the Kosovo Agency of Statistics web site a press release is available, also on the web site, to inform users and media. All users get access to data at the same time.
      1. Data dissemination is on an annual basis
      1. News releases on-line at the time of data dissemination.
      1. KAS publications, tables and material for press release are always available in three languages: Albanian, English and Serbian.
      1. KAS has online database: http://askdata.rks-gov.net/PXWeb/pxweb/en/askdata
      1. Users do not have direct access to micro-data, but by law researchers and institutions can request access through KAS.
      1. The data are also published in the KAS Statistical Yearbook: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/3637/statistical-yearbook-of-the-republic-of-kosovo-2017.pdf EAA results are also published in the Green Report within the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development (MAFRD).
      1. A brief explanation of the definitions, key concepts and methodological explanations for users is presented in the publication of data "Economic Accounts for Agriculture 2016": http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/2626/economic-accounts-for-agriculture-2015.pdf
      1. KAS is committed to quality assurance in the production of official statistics. Based on the "Law On Official Statistics, Law 04 / L-036", KAS uses statistical methods and processes in accordance with internationally accepted scientific principles and standards and conducts ongoing analyzes in order to improve the quality and delivery of updated statistics. In carrying out its duties, KAS follows the overall quality management principles, in line with the European Statistics Code of Practice. KAS has developed a Quality Statement which is available on the ASK website: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/1890/statement-of-quality.pdf. The document lists eleven principles, much in line with the CoP principles like professional independence and statistical confidentiality, on which the work of KAS is based.
      1. Not available.
      1. During July 2017 In Kosovo Agency of Statistics was conducted the process of assessment of the Kosovo Statistical System through the “Peer Review” approach.
      1. EAA reflect the volume of agriculture sector with basic data needed to draft and assess agricultural policies at the national level. The EAA results are used by: Government, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development, Kosovo Agency of Statistics (National Accounts, Agricultural Household Survey, Agricultural Price Statistics, Environment Statistics), Faculty of Agriculture, Farmers' Associations, researchers, journalists, students, etc.
      1. One of the key elements to ensure the quality of statistical data is the measurement of the satisfaction of users. The survey aims to gather comprehensive information on the needs and requirements of users of official statistical data. Through this survey the users of statistical data have expressed their thoughts and opinions regarding statistical views, they have provided advice and suggestions regarding their needs for statistics and how to improve these statistical data in the future. This survey was conducted during the conference held with the users of statistical data, in which 11 users responded. The questionnaire contained eight questions and included various topics: the use of statistical data, evaluation of KAS in general, the assessment of the site in KAS, evaluating the quality of statistical data, etc. More detailed information on this survey can find on the web: http://ask.rks-gov.net/media/1906/report-from-the-user-satisfaction-survey.pdf.
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      1. Reference year - from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. Timeframe - 06 November 2017.
      1. Delay in time is 0.
      1. Statistics refer to the national level.
      1. There are no breakdowns of time series.
      1. Not available.
      1. The internal consistency of the data is checked before it is finalized. The links between the variables and the coherence in their series is also checked. The data are coherent in the internal aspect.
      1. EAAs are mainly compiled by using other statistics and administrative data. The data are collected electronically and one person from KAS Central Office is in charge for the production of this indicator.
      1. There is no revision policy at KAS.
      1. No revisions have been carried out.
      1. The data sources for the EAA are: • Agricultural Household Survey: o Agricultural Crops – area and production of agricultural crops, utilization of production (for family consumption, animal feed, sales, processing, loss) o Livestock and livestock outputs - number of animals by type, number of animals slaughtered, purchased and sold, livestock products production and livestock weights o Labor force in agriculture o Agricultural machinery and tractors o Intermediate costs on the farm • Statistics of Prices in Agriculture: o Price index and prices for agricultural crops according to agricultural year, o Annual index and prices for livestock weights and livestock o Annual Input Index • Agriculture Census: o Utilized area of agricultural land - areas planted with agricultural crops o Livestock - number of animals by type o Labor force in agriculture o Machinery, tractors and agricultural buildings • Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Development: o Vineyards o Product and manufacturing subsidies, investment grants and support measures. • Trade Statistics: o Import and Export of Livestock Expert assessments in the absence of data sources.
      1. Data collection for EAA is on an annual basis. Due to the evaluation and revision of the data, from time to time data for several years is required.
      1. The data is collected from the aforementioned resources, both as processed and raw data, in Excel format.
      1. Prior to the dissemination of data, detailed checks are carried out regarding the internal coherence of the data. Also, yearly data is searched for previous years, by comparing and evaluating development trends, time series movements, and controlling the quality of data in case of using any new data source (such as Agriculture Census of 2014).
      1. Not available.
      1. Seasonal adjustment is not yet implemented.